Infertility, Its Causes & Treatments
Infertility is the inability of a couple to get pregnant naturally. It means that a couple is not able to conceive naturally after trying for one year (over 6 months for women above 35 years of age). A woman is also rendered infertile when she has had recurrent miscarriages. Where on one hand the population is increasing in Pakistan, the rate of infertility is also increasing. It might become a social issue world wide.
Does infertility only affect women?
Due to lack of awareness, people often associate infertility with women which is incorrect entirely. Both the genders can have issues which may become a cause of infertility. One third of infertility cases are due to women’s problems and the other one third are a result of male factor infertility. The remaining are caused by a combination of issues affecting both the partners or due to problems that are unidentifiable.
When to see an infertility specialist?
It is recommended to consult an infertility specialist when a couple is unable to procreate after one year of unguarded sex. However, for women 35 years of age or older should consult an infertility specialist after six months of struggling with conception. Age not only affects the women’s ability to reproduce, it also impacts men’s fertility. Therefore, after a certain age couples face issues in conception.
What are the causes of infertility in men?
Infertility in men can be a result of either of the following conditions:
- Cystic fibrosis
In some cases of male factor infertility, the male partner is born with problems (innate causes) that affect his sperm cells. Whereas, sometimes it can be an outcome of illness or injury later in life (subsequent causes).
What are the causes of infertility in women?
Problems with ovulation is the major reason behind most of the female infertility cases. Irregular and absent menstrual periods are a sign of abnormal ovulation which may lead to poor ovarian reserve. There are no eggs to be fertilized without ovulation. Ovulation issues are caused by:
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI)
Causes of infertility in women also include:
- Blocked/Damaged fallopian tubes
- Uterine fibroids
How infertility is treated?
There are various treatments available for infertility depending upon its underlying cause. Infertility can be treated through medicines, surgery, artificial insemination or assisted reproductive technology.
Infertility Specialists in Karachi at Australian Concept Infertility Medical Centre thorough examines the patient. The patient undergoes a series of systematic diagnosis in order to determine the root cause of infertility. Sometimes, the couple only requires additional medicines in order to conceive naturally but most of the times, their condition requires appropriate treatment. Once the root cause is determined, it becomes easy for our infertility specialists to treat infertility. Infertility specialists recommend treatment based upon:
- Physical and Clinical Evaluation
- Test Results
- Age of both partners
- Couples’ preference
- Type of infertility
We have the most experienced and qualified infertility specialists in Karachi who deals with each case individually which leads to higher chances of successful results.