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What type of issues does an orthopedic surgeon treat?

The musculoskeletal system in man comprises bones and soft tissues like ligaments, muscles, and tendons. These parts work in impeccable coordination to provide locomotion so our body can displace and perform various activities. An injury, disease or by-birth disorder can cause a musculoskeletal issue which can be resolved through medical care by a specialist in the field of orthopedics. You just need to consult the best orthopedic surgeon on escalating orthopedic concerns.

Orthopedic issues

Here mentioned few orthopedic issues that an orthopedic surgeon can treat:

Fractures or broken bones

Fractures are breaking of bone due to external force, hard hit or contact with a hard surface. Weak or diseased bones are more susceptible to breakage. A fracture intrudes the bone structure or it may also cause bleeding and loss of movement. Bone breakages range from mild to severe which could be just a tiny crack to shattering of bone into pieces. Compression, avulsion, hairline, comminuted, greenstick, open, and closed fractures are some examples of bone-breaking issues. Pain, deformity, swelling, bruising and disability to move are the common symptoms and their Intensity relies on the nature of the fracture. Almost any bone in the body can fracture but most commonly it happens to the wrist, ankle, hip, arm and leg bones.

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Bone dislocation

It’s damage that occurs to bones when they are forced to displace from their original position within the joint. This results from an unusual fall, vehicle accident, or sudden hard contact like in sports. Mostly larger joints in the body like the shoulder, hip or knee dislocate but the elbow, thumb, and fingers are also viable to such an issue if bent with force in an unsuitable way. Dislocation temporarily deforms the shape of the joint causing pain, swelling and disability to move. An orthopedic surgeon relocates the joint and makes repairs to damages through an effective treatment plan.

Bone tumor

A bone tumor is maybe cancerous or non-cancerous but is a rare disease that normally distresses the pelvic bone and the bones of arms and legs. However, any bone in the body is vulnerable to the bone tumor. The treatment method depends on the nature of the tumor to be treated. An orthopedic surgeon utilizes radiation or chemotherapy methods to cure it and under severe conditions, surgery is commenced for removal. Patients with the bone tumor experience pain in the affected bone and swelling appear around the area making it tender to touch. The bone becomes weak and can fracture easily. Fatigue and unusual weight loss are other noticeable symptoms.

Joint pain

Joint pain is mostly experienced in the hands, hips, spine, feet, and knees. It may come at intervals or remain constant causing discomfort in joints. Numbness, soreness, and stiffness are felt in the joint followed by swelling and tenderness around the affected joint. Gradually joints begin to lose their normal range of motion and may lead to disability to move. The joints feel hot and in some cases, a grating sensation is sensed while movement. Joint pain occurs as the cartilage covering the ends of bones forming the joint wears away bit by bit with repetitive use. Also with growing age joints become weak and cartilage degenerates. Diseases like arthritis, an injury, stress, depression, poor health, or obesity may also damage the joints initiating pain. Joint pain can be managed through proper care and medical treatment by the best orthopedic surgeon or doctor.

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Soft tissue damage

Soft tissues i.e. muscles, ligaments, and tendons hold the joint in place and aid in motion. These tissues may get damaged due to an injury or a disease. Symptoms that arise may include swelling, pain, tenderness, bruising, and inability to move. Good treatment by an orthopedic surgeon and self-care would help to recover from soft tissue damage. A sprain is an injury to ligaments while strain occurs to tendons or muscles.

Bursitis

Bursitis is the inflammation of a small fluid-filled sac called bursae, it prevents the soft tissues like muscles and tendons from rubbing against bone near joint while movement. The condition induces pain in the affected area, movement becomes tough due to ache, joints become stiff, and swelling arises along with redness over the area. Bursae located at the shoulder, hip, and elbow joints are more vulnerable to bursitis but it can also affect the base of the big toe, knees, and heels. Usually, it happens to bursae near a joint that is in repetitive use or is in a position where most of the pressure is over it. An injury, disease like arthritis that causes inflammation, or infection could also cause bursitis.

Arthritis

Arthritis is an inflammatory joint disease that has many types like osteoarthritis which develops with the age as the cartilage cushioning bone ends forming joints begin to wear down slowly. Another type is rheumatoid arthritis in which the body’s immune system outbreaks the cartilage in the joints. Accumulation of uric acid crystals in the joint causes gout which is also a kind of arthritis. Pain, redness, stiffness, swelling, and limited range of motion are some of the major symptoms of arthritis that become worse with growing age if left untreated. Only an experienced orthopedic surgeon can hold back its signs through an effective treatment strategy. Each type of arthritis is treated accordingly to manage its symptoms.

Bone deformity

The bone deformity is the unusual formation of bone that is different from normal bone structure. It may be by birth or happen due to an injury or inappropriate joining of bone after damage. An orthopedic surgeon can treat the bone deformity surgically.

Conclusion

Whether it is an injury or disease get immediate consultation from a medical consultant in your town to make it right and prevent further deterioration. Only the best orthopedic surgeon can help get over the symptoms and manage them wisely to provide relief otherwise musculoskeletal issues may affect the quality of life depriving you of performing important routine activities.

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